Thursday, December 28, 2023

Action Collaborative on Preventing Sexual Harassment in Higher Education

By Jeremy Bailin

all hands up
Image Credit: NASEM

Action Collaborative is a collaboration between academic institutions that grew out of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) 2018 Sexual Harassment of Women report. Its goal is to "collaboratively work toward and share targeted action on addressing and preventing sexual harassment across all disciplines and among all people in higher education". More specifically, members pledge to advance research on preventing sexual harassment, develop evidence-based policies, share and implement those policies, and assess progress towards preventing sexual harassment in academia.

The Action Collaborative consists of 52 Member Organizations, who form the working groups and provide financial support, plus an additional 16 Partner Network Organizations. Applications to join the collaborative are accepted every January; for further information on applying, please contact the Action Collaborative staff at (replace the _at_ with @).

The collaborative hosts annual public summits, with videos of previous talks available. Individual working groups dedicated towards prevention, response, remediation, and evaluation meet 1-3 times per quarter.

To find out more about Action Collaborative, see

Thursday, December 21, 2023

Meet Central American-Caribbean Astronomy Bridge Program Fellows - Part 6

The Central American - Caribbean Bridge in Astrophysics (Cenca Bridge) is a nonprofit organization established in the state of Tennessee in the United States with the mission to create and develop astronomy research opportunities in Central America and the Caribbean. Opportunities to pursue astrophysics in the region are few with only a handful of programs offering master’s in physics with a concentration in astronomy.  Cenca Bridge connects undergraduates from Central America and the Caribbean to mentors and advisors overseas in hope that they have the choice to pursue astrophysics as a profession. Every year, Cenca Bridge holds the remote internship program, where undergraduate students from the region apply to be selected for a 3-month long paid research internship. As the only organization to provide a paid research remote internship, it is important to highlight the contributions that many women in astrophysics from Central America and the Caribbean have already contributed to our field.

In this series, we will highlight selected fellows. If you'd like to learn more about the program and ways you can get involved please visit

Leiany De Oleo Rodriguez
Reading is crucial
My name is Leiany De Oleo Rodriguez. I was born in Puerto Rico to Dominican immigrants who had 3 children already. Growing up, I have always been passionate about learning and understanding the world around me. My parents and my siblings have always encouraged this. Even before I could read, I analyzed and tried to make sense of the world around me. My mother recalls how, in preschool at just 4 years old, I would craft detailed stories for my classmates based on what we learned each day. I was introduced to astronomy around this time by my older siblings, who saw my excitement and appreciation for learning and would share with me what they learned. They would share what they learned in different classes like history or science, but I was most fascinated by learning about the universe. I have always been particularly interested in space and planets ever since. As I got older, my interests shifted. I became interested in literature and then social issues. I picked up the habit of reading, and it has become crucial to me. Reading became such an enjoyable habit that I became inspired to learn different languages to read texts in their original form. I taught myself English from about 8 years old and went on to become the first fully bilingual member of my immediate family. 

At 12 years old, I read One Hundred Years of Solitude and began to learn about the history of independence in South America. Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s books actually sparked a number of interests in me, and the history of military government has been one of them. Being knowledgeable and passionate about social issues pushed me toward studying law and pursuing a career as either a lawyer or a political figure. I wanted to study and work on something that I truly felt passionate about. I started university with a major in criminal justice, believing I wanted to be a lawyer. As I navigated the reality of how the career would be, I realized it was not for me. I changed my major to literature, believing a career in writing would suffice. But that did not feel challenging or fulfilling enough. Then, in 2019, my father tragically passed away. That loss really set me back and made me wonder what exactly I wanted to do with my life. My dad always told me I was capable of anything I set my mind to. Despite how encouraging he was, I was utterly lost for a while. While completing general requirements for the degree I was pursuing at the time, I took a pre-calculus class required for the degree, and there I rediscovered how much I enjoyed problem-solving and research. After that, a physics class revived my passion for astronomy and became the last piece that solidified my direction. As I continue to delve into the field, I fall more in love with it. In the future, I hope to become an astrophysicist. As difficult as classes and topics can be, it feels exciting and fulfilling to combine all my skills in this fascinating field. 

How did you first become interested in astronomy 
or planetary science? 
I first became interested in astronomy and planetary science at a young age, thanks to my older siblings who shared their knowledge from school. The joy of receiving my first telescope and gazing at the moon for the first time is probably the earliest memory I can trace my passion for understanding the universe to. For a couple of years, I struggled with finding the right career for me, one that could challenge me and utilize the skills I love. It was during my second year at university, while taking a pre-calculus class, that I rediscovered my passion for problem-solving and research. A subsequent physics class solidified my direction, leading me toward the field of astrophysics.
Leiany De Oleo Rodriguez writing
A passion for problem-solving and research

What are your aspirations? 
I aspire to be a research astrophysicist, as well as a mentor and inspiration to others, especially young women and minorities, to pursue their passions in the STEM fields. I also aspire to publish my writing on a variety of topics, ranging from science to politics and philosophy, as well as some works of fiction. In this way, I hope to make a lasting impact on the scientific community and society as a whole. 

What are you currently working on? 
I am studying physics at Arizona State University and participating as an intern on the Cenca Bridge Remote Internship. In this internship, I am assisting with research on circumgalactic mediums. The project consists of writing a program that uses artificial lines to locate emissions within the circumgalactic medium. I am currently working on establishing a strong foundation in tool knowledge, specifically Python for data science. Since programming is so vital for research, I am taking my time to ensure that I can understand and work with it smoothly and efficiently. 

Leiany De Oleo Rodriguez reading
More reading!
What else is important to you, and how do you make time for it? 

One thing I absolutely love and believe is very important is reading. I enjoy reading scientific articles for school and work, but I also make time, usually in the morning or at night, to indulge in a little pleasure reading. Currently, I have a pocket collection of all Sylvia Plath’s poetry and read one poem every morning. It’s important to me to have these moments to connect with what I love, as it makes me feel alive. It’s as important and intuitive as brushing my teeth. 

What community issues are important to you and why? 
I aim to be a conscious citizen both in the realm of science and in the social context. Growing up in a governmental housing assistance program has made me aware of the many injustices that systematic prejudice has inflicted on us. Besides caring about those very real issues, I care about the lack of support the science community suffers from. Not only because it affects me, but because this is the community that propels humanity forward. They are vital for the advancement of knowledge and a sustainable future. It is truly bothersome how science these days is disregarded as a suggestion. That’s one of the consequences of the lack of support. I care about these issues because I want a society that is fair to every member of it and values their contributions. 

What are your near-future plans? 

Looking ahead, my near-future plans involve furthering my education and research in astrophysics, working towards a Ph.D., and actively engaging in scientific exploration.

Thursday, December 14, 2023

Safety at AAS Meetings

By Kevin B. Marvel, Executive Officer
Elizabeth Scuderi, Director of Meeting Services
Michelle Stevenson, Senior Meetings Manager

AAS attendees
Image Credit: AAS
The American Astronomical Society (AAS) organizes the largest annual astronomical conferences worldwide and has been doing so for decades. Managing large, complex gatherings of people is difficult and requires specialized expertise and experience, which is why the AAS employs multiple full-time professionals who help us hold successful conferences year in and year out. We supplement this direct support with a range of contractors, partnerships with the local meeting venues and hotels and through support from experienced AAS staff who are not directly responsible for the conferences but provide significant help and support to carry them out.  Additionally, all our conference organization activities are overseen by the AAS Board of Trustees, who are the fiduciaries of the AAS as a non-profit corporation, and who delegate most responsibility for the scientific organization of the conferences to the AAS Vice Presidents.  

The AAS provides similar conference support for our divisions, usually 3-4 additional stand-alone conferences each year and supports the AAS Topical Conference Series, usually only one but sometimes two additional conferences each year. The Society has built-up significant experience carrying out scientific conferences and regularly receives compliments from attendees and exhibitors. Over the years, we have documented our processes and communicated the challenges we face to the community we serve (1).  We always seek to improve and enhance our meetings, while striving to keep costs as low as possible, goals that are often at odds with each other. 

In addition to taking steps to ensure that AAS meetings are harassment-free environments by establishing and enforcing our anti-harassment policy (2), the Society takes steps to ensure the safety and security of our conference attendees while on site and has advised attendees to take steps to ensure their own safety while not at the conference venue or hotel. AAS conferences take place in large urban centers because they have the conference infrastructure to host large meetings, but they also come with the burdens that all cities face, like crime, petty and otherwise.

Because each conference is different and the safety and security environment for any given city changes with time, we take a customized approach to security for each conference, while always following certain steps for all meeting venues. First and foremost, we establish strong working relationships with the venues we contract with to hold the meeting. This includes convention centers and hotels. We also interact regularly with representatives of the locality’s convention and visitor’s bureau, who represent the city and seek to ensure the smooth support for and operation of conferences that come to their town. These key contacts provide us with updated information on the safety environment for the locality, guidance to share with our meeting attendees to help ensure their safety while offsite and connections to local law enforcement and venue security staff. All relevant contact details are compiled in our meeting logistics book, which is prepared for each conference and shared with and reviewed in advance by all staff members.

Image Credit: AAS
The Society employs venue-provided staff to guard key entrances to the conference venue and to enforce badging requirements. They circulate through the meeting venue on a regular basis and are in immediate contact with our meeting staff members in case of any security or safety challenge. Badging checks, though found annoying by some attendees, are critical for ensuring conference safety and security. We have faced numerous instances where individuals have attempted to access our conferences without a badge. We have a zero tolerance for this activity and all staff on site know to inform our meeting staff or venue security if someone is identified in the meeting venue without a badge.  Normally, individuals without a badge have simply forgotten or lost their badge, which is why our registration desk is often located outside of badging checkpoints. In other cases, people who have infiltrated the conference and have not registered and do not belong at the meeting are physically removed.  In some cases, like in Seattle, we have a badging checkpoint before attendees can access the registration desk. Placement depends very much on the local venue layout, but in these cases, we instruct the badge checkers to direct badgeless attendees to the registration desk and sometimes we have them escort badgeless individuals to the registration desk. We have occasionally retained additional staff or consultants to provide specific support for our conferences or for events at our conferences.  For example, we have enhanced security from time to time for public talks or events, as we have less or no control over who can access our conference venue when we open the doors to the public.

Ensuring comprehensive badge checking means that access points to the meeting must be limited in number and staffed 100% of the time. This can sometimes impede speedy access for conference attendees, especially on the first day or at times when everyone is trying to gain access to the meeting venue, like when plenary talks take place. We work very hard to minimize the impact on attendee access while maintaining a vigilant watch to ensure those not authorized to access the event cannot.  A fantastically challenging venue to manage has been the Hawaii Convention Center, which has numerous access points into the main atrium area and even access points from the convention center garage that are difficult, if not impossible, to monitor effectively. Working with center security we have found ways to minimize access to the best extent possible.

For the IAU General Assembly in 2012, we had enhanced security concerns that mandated we keep tight control on the convention center entrance doors.  Unfortunately, meeting attendees would regularly prop open the doors to the atrium to avoid having to go through the badge-controlled entrance or open the door to others seeking access. We had to keep staff present to ensure such door propping did not take place and some attendees cursed at and threatened meeting staff for requiring them to use the proper entrance.  This kind of behavior is frustrating to staff and difficult to manage. We understand that security measures can be an inconvenience, but we also need cooperation from all attendees to ensure everyone’s safety and security.  Too often we find some conference attendees do not understand or care about the bigger picture and only view their own inconvenience as paramount.  

It is also worth mentioning that we are concerned with the health and well-being of our attendees as well.  Thankfully, most conference venues provide health safety staff on-site. Some venues have on-site medical staff by default, or we have paid for such support when deemed necessary. AAS staff periodically receive CPR and First-Aid training (we’re due for training again this coming spring) to help respond in the moment.  

An example of the benefit of this training was the quick response of our Press Officer, Rick Fienberg, to a conference attendee at our Miami meeting back in 2010. We had just had our First-Aid training before the meeting took place, which allowed Rick to properly respond to an attendee who fainted at the opening reception due to (it ended up) dehydration, travel exhaustion and a lack of eating enough food during their travel to the conference.  Rick properly responded and asked another staff member to get the on-site medical staff, who responded promptly and got the attendee the care and attention they needed. 

We have also had a cardiac event at one of our DC meetings that was also promptly dealt with by AAS staff and the on-site medical team, with the attendee receiving prompt medical attention at a nearby hospital and traveling home safely later in the week. Thankfully, we have had only a handful of health issues at our conferences, but we strive to be prepared for any eventuality, while always relying fundamentally on local emergency response services for any serious situation. I will leave out our responses to COVID-related issues at our meetings, only to say that when we were informed of individuals testing positive and self-isolating, we reached out to them individually to provide any care or assistance they requested and followed up to see how they were doing. Currently, masks are not required, but strongly encouraged for AAS243.  We are monitoring hospitalization statistics locally and nationally and the Board will make a final decision as to whether masks will be required or not in early December.

Other safety concerns have been dealt with in unique ways. The IAU General Assembly meeting in 2012 that was held in Hawaii presented a special situation as we were providing support to the IAU. Threats of varying types were received in advance of the meeting, which heightened our attention to security. We hired a consultant who provided contact and communication with local law enforcement and planning sessions were held in advance to discuss responses to a variety of concerns from interruption of the conference by protesters to bomb threats and everything in between. 

Additionally, social media channels were monitored in advance of the meeting and some individuals with substantial criminal records were identified as potential threats to the orderly operation of the conference. Through local law enforcement and a PR firm we retained, we reached out to local community organizers and facilitated a peaceful protest during the conference, which included a meeting between the IAU leadership and local community representatives. We also provided water and bathroom access for any protestors who needed these resources. Similarly, when the AAS met in Honolulu in January 2020, we reached out to the leaders of the Maunakea protectors and arranged for a leadership meeting and representation at the conference itself. This was highlighted in local media as a positive set of actions and the conference was not disrupted and remained safe for all.

In 2017, we met in Texas and shortly before our conferences, a law was changed making it legal to carry a firearm in almost any venue. Luckily, a provision in the law allows for institutions to take steps to declare their meeting or conference a gun-free zone and we followed those steps with the advice of the local venues to ensure that our conference remained a gun free zone. We review the local legal landscape in the runup to our conferences to see if there are any issues that could negatively impact our attendees or threaten their safety while participating in our meetings. When we can, we take appropriate steps to ensure safety for all attendees.

AAS meeting attendees chat
Image Credit: AAS
We maintain and regularly update our Crisis Communication plan, which is used by elected officers and staff to respond appropriately in case of any crisis we may encounter, whether at our conferences or in other situations. This supplements our business continuity and crisis plan, which was initially drafted up after 9-11 and a new, updated version will go to the Board for approval in January 2024. This plan provides actionable steps to take in the case of an unexpected crisis, for example, a major earthquake or other natural disaster taking place during one of our conferences.

Although we wish we could, we cannot take steps to directly ensure the safety and well-being of our conference attendees when they are not at the meeting venue or hotel. What we can do (and do) is advise attendees of steps to take to ensure their own safety when offsite, provide contact information for local law enforcement (9-1-1 works everywhere) or AAS meetings staff and remind them to travel together (and remove their badges!) and not to put themselves in harm’s way by staying out late, visiting known high-crime locations or venues or taking on other safety/security risks. Local law enforcement often provides visitor safety tips for their community (3) and we provide information for our attendees based on this advice augmented with additional input from the convention and visitor’s bureau.

For the upcoming meeting in New Orleans, we have been provided a range of detailed information and recommendations from the hotels and the convention center.  The New Orleans Visitors Bureau has also shared their online Visitor Safety Statement, which we will be sharing with our conference registrants in advance of the meeting in January. Of special note is the Downtown Development District’s Public Safety Ranger program (4), which is active in part of downtown and the French Quarter (the convention center and our conference hotels are not in their coverage area).

There have been unfortunate incidents that have negatively impacted people at our and other scientific conferences, thankfully limited in number and impact, but events have happened. Often, the conference attendee innocently puts themselves in harm’s way or did so without thinking about the ramifications of their decisions.  

I am reminded of some events at the IAU General Assembly held in Rio de Janeiro and at one of our DC meetings.

  • One attendee, ignoring the advice of local astronomers, conference organizers and the advice of hotel staff at check-in, walked down to the beach to photograph the rising moon well after dark. The glow of their iPhone attracted petty thieves who threw sand at him, jumped on him and pushed him to the ground, grabbed his iPhone and ran off. 
  • Another group of South American astronomers, returning to their hotel after a late dinner, strayed a few blocks too far away from the main thoroughfare and were held up at knife point by a small group of individuals, who took their money and phones and ran off, luckily without injury. 
  • In the worst example, a group of people who were out late at night in a known high-crime area became the victims of a group of muggers. A meeting attendee, also out late at night attempted to intervene and was seriously injured, requiring hospitalization.

Thankfully, we have not had these kinds of events take place at our meetings with any regularity, but some negative events have taken place, two or three significant ones in the past 30 years. They usually happen late at night in parts of the city where we are meeting that are known to be unsafe or are hotspots for nightlife.  Because these situations are often resolved by law enforcement, we do not have complete information or records on what has taken place. 

In conclusion, the AAS takes the safety and security of our meeting participants—attendees, exhibitors, support contractors and staff—very seriously.  We approach each location as a unique situation and do not use a ‘cookie-cutter’ approach to meeting security. As needed, we bring in additional on-site support, involve law enforcement and sometimes other resources to manage each conference appropriately from a safety perspective. We cannot provide comprehensive safety for attendees when they are offsite. We can and do provide appropriate security information when appropriate and we always work with local venue representatives and law enforcement as needed. Finally, we are always open to new ideas and ways to enhance the safety and security for our conferences, recognizing that perfect and complete safety is a goal impossible to reach. We therefore plan for eventualities and focus on being prepared to handle any situation that may arise, while we look to our attendees to take personal responsibility for their safety and well-being at all times by making sensible decisions and being informed and prepared for the location they are visiting.

Comments can be posted below and emails can be sent to (replace _at_ with @).


(1) Alexander, D.T. (2003). Organizing and Managing American Astronomical Society Meetings — from Preparation and Plans to Science Presentations. In: Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy. Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol 296. Springer, Dordrecht.;  The Management of AAS Meetings, a chapter in Organizations, People and Strategies in Astronomy II, Venngeist 2013; How We Select VenuesAAS Newsletter (Nov/Dec, 2011); If It's Virtual, Why Does it Cost Anything at All?; Why is the AAS Meeting so Expensive?

(2) Anti-Harassment Policy for AAS & Division Meetings & Activities; Why Your Meeting Needs a Harassment Policy

(3) Seattle Police Department, Visitor Safety Tips; New York City, Crime Prevention and Safety Tips

(4) Downtown Public Safety Rangers: The Downtown Development District (DDD) created the Public Safety Ranger program as an integral element of Downtown’s public safety network. The Public Safety Rangers are a non-commissioned force of safety professionals who patrol Downtown on foot and on bicycle. They act as extra eyes and ears for the police and the DDD. Rangers are customer-friendly and provide visible coverage throughout Downtown.

Visitors Downtown also can utilize the DDD Public Safety Rangers, who are on duty seven days a week from 6 a.m.-10 p.m. Downtown SafeWalk escorts are offered free of charge within the Downtown DDD boundaries. Call or text 504-415-1730 to check availability.

Friday, December 8, 2023

AASWomen Newsletter for December 8, 2023

AAS Committee on the Status of Women
Issue of December 8, 2023
eds: Jeremy Bailin, Nicolle Zellner, Sethanne Howard, and Hannah Jang-Condell

[We hope you all are taking care of yourselves and each other. --eds.]

Evelyn Fox Keller
Evelyn Fox Keller
(Image: Rick Friedman/Corbis, via Getty Images)
This week's issues:

1. Repost: Don’t Masculinize the Letter of Recommendation: Towards a Truly Gender-Brave Science Community
2. Astronomy Award Winners Announced
3. Reimagining the Astronomy PhD for the 21st Century
4. Mary Cleave, ‘trailblazing’ astronaut, dies at 76
5. Evelyn Fox Keller (1936–2023), philosopher who questioned gender roles in science
6. "For Women in Science" celebrates the first hundred Mexican scientists supported by the L'Oréal-UNESCO national programme
7. STEM gender gap shows no signs of closing with Gen Z
8. Brite 2024 Application Now Open
9. Job Opportunities
10. How to Submit to the AASWomen Newsletter
11. How to Subscribe or Unsubscribe to the AASWomen Newsletter
12. Access to Past Issues of the AASWomen Newsletter 

An online version of this newsletter will be available at at 3:00 PM ET every Friday.


Thursday, December 7, 2023

Repost: Don’t Masculinize the Letter of Recommendation: Towards a Truly Gender-Brave Science Community

Eds note: We are in the midst of letter-writing season - for our students hoping to land a summer research or post-doc position; for our seniors hoping to go to graduate school or enter the workforce; for colleagues hoping to land a faculty or staff position; for colleagues who are deserving of honors and awards; and for others who have asked you to write them a letter. The editors of Women in Astronomy thought it would be a good ideas to re-post a gem from 2015. 
Image credit:

A guest blog post by Andy Elby and Ayush Gupta, both at the University of Maryland at the time of the post, offers advice on how to write letters of recommendation to advance a truly gender-brave science community. Their perspectives on current and proposed practices serve as good reminders for all of us to check our biases.

Read - or re-read - the post at

Other resources:
Give women an even chance by Marcia McNutt
Inclusive and Gender-Neutral Language, National Institutes of Health Style Guide

Friday, December 1, 2023

AASWomen Newsletter for December 01, 2023

AAS Committee on the Status of Women
Issue of December 1, 2023
eds: Jeremy Bailin, Nicolle Zellner, Sethanne Howard, and Hannah Jang-Condell

[We hope you all are taking care of yourselves and each other. --eds.]

This week's issues:

1. Gratitude and Giving for Holidays
2. Meet Central American-Caribbean Astronomy Bridge Program Fellows - Part 5
3. A Photo Essay: The Untold History of the Women of Yerkes Observatory
4. New Book: "The Exception: Nancy Hopkins MIT, and the Fight for Women in Science"
5. Open U. academic says male-biased culture of naming planetary features after men has to change
6. Women in STEM : 2024 L'Oréal For Women In Science Fellowship - Apply Today!
7. ‘I’ve dedicated my life to this mission’: Sara Sabry on making space exploration more accessible
8. The United Nation’s International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
9. Large Hadron Collider CMS undergraduate internships
10. Disability accommodations helped me through grad school—and should be available to all who need them
11. Study finds female academics less likely to win prizes, even when the award is named after a woman
12. 6 inspiring women revolutionising science, technology, engineering and mathematics
13. Inside a historic trip to Antarctica, crewed by over 100 women scientists
14. Simons Emmy Noether Fellowship Program
15. Public Release of NASA SMD Bridge Program Workshop Report
16. Job Opportunities
17. How to Submit to the AASWOMEN newsletter
18. How to Subscribe or Unsubscribe to the AASWOMEN newsletter
19. Access to Past Issues

An online version of this newsletter will be available at at 3:00 PM ET every Friday.

Thursday, November 30, 2023

Meet Central American-Caribbean Astronomy Bridge Program Fellows - Part 5

The Central American - Caribbean Bridge in Astrophysics (Cenca Bridge) is a nonprofit organization established in the state of Tennessee in the United States with the mission to create and develop astronomy research opportunities in Central America and the Caribbean. Opportunities to pursue astrophysics in the region are few with only a handful of programs offering master’s in physics with a concentration in astronomy. Cenca Bridge connects undergraduates from Central America and the Caribbean to mentors and advisors overseas in hope that they have the choice to pursue astrophysics as a profession. Every year, Cenca Bridge holds the remote internship program, where undergraduate students from the region apply to be selected for a 3-month long paid research internship. As the only organization to provide a paid research remote internship, it is important to highlight the contributions that many women in astrophysics from Central America and the Caribbean have already contributed to our field. In this series, we will highlight selected fellows. If you'd like to learn more about the program and ways you can get involved please visit

iPoster at 241st AAS meeting (Seattle, WA)

My name is Kaylan-Marie Achong and I grew up in Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago. The expansive history and culture of my twin- island state has deeply influenced my outlook on life, and has greatly influenced my love for Astronomy. I am a recent graduate from the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus with a BSc in Physics & Mathematics. Astronomy is not a popular field in my country; very few students have chosen to pursue this field. Nevertheless, I have pushed forward, forever thankful for every opportunity I have had to develop my career in Astronomy. 

Furthermore, I have a deep love for my country’s history and an immense appreciation for the struggles of the women from my country that came before me. I really enjoy learning, and I truly believe that you should never stop questioning the world around you. I also really enjoy art and I think that we should always remember to have a life outside of our daily 9-5. 

How did you first become interested in astronomy or planetary science ? 

Behind my house, there is a large expanse of ‘bush’ referred to as the rice paddy fields. These were fields that my ancestors would have toiled over to make their living. There are no street lights, and you can really sit and gaze at the night sky perfectly. Although I was not lucky enough to own a telescope growing up, I was still able to watch Orion traverse my half of the hemisphere every year. I saw Venus, Mars and other celestial bodies move in and out of view in my portion of the night sky. I think it is this wonder that drew me to astronomy. I would look up at the sky, marvel at the constellations, and think to myself, “These are the very same stars my foremothers would have stood and watched after a long day of laborious work. Here I am, in the comfort of my back yard- with my luxuries of being literate, gazing at the very same constellations years after them.”

What are your aspirations? 

I really love astrobiology. I based my final year project on the field, and worked very hard to achieve the Physics Head of Department award for my finished work as well as to graduate with first class honors. As such, I really want to produce useful research in the field. I think that all aspects of the search for alien life is exhilarating, and a lot can be learnt about humanity from searching for early life forms.

What are you currently working on ? 

Right now I am in the process of applying for graduate school 😀 Very daunting task! Wish me luck! Also, I was currently working on developing a catalog of triple component bent jet active galactic nuclei (AGN) sources with my mentors from my REU with NRAO. This project involved visual analysis of over 2000 sources to qualitatively determine their degree of bending, as well as to remove artifacts from the sample. I developed a program to measure their bending angle and was working on further categorizing them. However, as I am applying to graduate school I have taken a small pause from research. 

Fort Milfort, Tobago

What else is important to you and how do you make time for it?

I enjoy tending to my garden, and reading. I love being in nature and often take time to enjoy the many beautiful places my country has to visit. I truly believe that a balance is necessary for a good quality of life. My rule is that the weekends belong to me, and I try to spend the time not worrying about work- this is often hard to do. 

What community issues are important to you and why? 

I feel very deeply for the inclusion of Women in STEM. Coming from a country that is largely patriarchal, I have seen so many women run themselves dry trying to play the role of good wife, good mother, and business woman with little to no help from their spouses. I have also watched as brilliant women fight tooth and nail for jobs that are easily handed out to their male counterparts. Furthermore, growing up I was often told that my main purpose in life would be to serve my husband. In fact, a lot of my family were shocked at my defiance to focus on a career over ‘settling down’. They referred to me as a ‘career woman’- as if it was a bad thing. I resented this archaic mindset and worked very hard at school to ensure I would be able to pave my own path. As a result, I am actively involved in a local charity focused on highlighting the inclusion of women in STEM. Furthermore, I am a strong feminist, and I believe that women deserve the opportunity to choose what they want for their life, whether it is to focus on a career,  be a homemaker or even both- if they desire, without the choice being forced on them. 

What are your near-future plans? 

Right now, I hope to attend graduate school to obtain a PhD in Astronomy, with a specialization in Astrobiology. I am really excited about this multidisciplinary field, and I cannot wait to get involved in research focusing on it. As a result, I hope to stay in academia as a researcher.

Tuesday, November 21, 2023

Gratitude and Giving for the Holidays

A message to our readers from members of the CSWA and editors of AASWomen: As we enter the holiday season in the United States and other parts of the world, we wish everyone health and happiness.

In a tradition going back almost 10 years (and maybe longer), Women in Astronomy is providing a gift-giving guide to help you with your holiday shopping. Links and ideas are listed below and feel free to tell us about your favorite gifts in the Comments section.

STARtorialist continues to provide a universe of Astro-fashion! STARtorialist is a women-owned small business founded by professional astronomers to curate space- and science-themed products, support independent designers, and contribute to STEM education and outreach. New (to me) this year? JWST-themed drinking glasses (and more!), JWST-themed clothing, and Artemis items.

Image Credit: Dreamtime recently posted its 2023 list of best telescopes. Check out the guide from Sky & Telescope first, though, so the telescope doesn't end up as a doorstop

Sky & Telescope magazine offers annual print and digital subscriptions and a variety of  maps and globes in its shop. Speaking of maps and globes, check out Mova's light-powered rotating globes! The lucky recipient will think them out of this world!

For the youngsters (and those young at heart), A Mightly Girl, which boasts "the world's largest collection of books, toys and movies for smart, confident, and courageous girls", continues to have a wide selection of science toys and kits, free (yes, FREE!) posters celebrating women role models and mighty women in STEM, and children's book about girls and women in science. Crazed about Barbie? Mattel's Career Dolls series includes scientists, pilots, and doctors.

Penguin Random House publishers has a list of "Stellar Books That Take Place in Space"; published its best books for 2023; and Goodreads has a list of popular space books. Are your favorite books on any of these lists? If not, add the title and author in the Comments section.

Perhaps you know someone who just needs to get away. Maybe that someone is you. Check out some locations that support astrotourism. Going Cosmic, "a one-stop global forum for all aspects of astrotourism... that provide[s] a range of unique features to help celebrate our world and others", has a list of unusual holiday ideas to add stargazing to your travel plans.

galaxy popcorn
Image Credit:
Or maybe staying in is the holiday gift. Marie Claire published a list of the 44 best space movies of all time. Buy some space candy, make some galaxy popcorn, and settle in!

BTW, the Van Cleef and Arpels astronomical watch (with accurate orbits of the planets around the Sun), which we mentioned in our 2016 Holiday Gift Guide, is still available. Just sayin'.

Need more ideas? Check out GeekWrapped's best space & astronomy gifts, and NASA's on-line Space Shop lets you shop, well, for space things. Finally, an extensive list with other ideas was posted in our 2014 Holiday Gift-giving Guide, so check that out, too!

Thursday, November 16, 2023

A Family Affair

By Jeremy Bailin, Nicolle Zellner, and Sethanne Howard

It’s not atypical for children to follow in the footsteps of their parents or for siblings to have similar career paths. During our research for various other blog posts, the editors of AASWomen were surprised to see so many family connections in the field of Astronomy and extending to planetary science and physics. We shouldn’t have been – the mother-daughter planet hunters Natalie and Natasha Batalha have already caught the attention of various news outlets. We tweeted a request for more family connections in these fields and were inundated with examples, which we list here in roughly chronological history. Do you know of more? If so, add them to the Comments section.

The earliest example of a female science lineage may be the mother-daughter-granddaughter line of women who lived c. 2334 BCE. According to some reports, Enheduanna (mother) was a princess, priestess, astronomer, and the world’s first known author. She lived in Ur in ancient Sumer. Two thousand years later in Alexandria, Egypt, the philosopher/astronomer Hypatia (~370-416CE) worked with her father, Theon. She taught philosophy at the Great Library in Alexandria, produced commentary on the works of her father, and also wrote her own book on astronomy. Hypatia invented the device for measuring the specific gravity of a liquid.

The Herschel siblings (1896 Lithograph from Wikipedia)
The Herschel Siblings, 1896
(Credit: Album/Wellcome Images)
Fast-forwarding several hundred years, we have the Herschelsperhaps the most well-documented family to share a passion for astronomy. Caroline (1750-1848) steadfastly assisted her brother William (1738-1822) while he painstakingly mapped the night sky. William discovered the planet Uranus. Caroline wrote down coordinates and other observations for William bringing necessary structure to his observations. Caroline became recognized for discovering several comets, and eventually she was awarded a gold medal for her lifetime of work. She was hired by the British government to finish William’s work and thus became the first ‘civil servant’ who was a woman. William’s son, John Herschel, was also an astronomer. He continued the star cataloging done by the Herschels and introduced the concept of studying individual stars for their properties.

In the pre-telescope era, Tycho and Sophie Brahe (brother and sister) made their own contributions to the advancement of science. Many of us are familiar with the observations of Tycho (1548-1601), which allowed Johannes Kepler (astronomer) to develop the laws of orbital motion. Sophie, a physician, helped Tycho with his observations.

Maria Magaretha Kirch (1670-1720) was the spouse of Gottfried Kirch (1639-1710).  He founded the Berlin Observatory in 1700 and was the first member in the Prussian academy (Leibniz was the second). Margaretha was an accomplished astronomer and a recipient of the gold medal of the Prussian Royal Academy for discovering a comet. Of her 14 children her daughters, Christine (1696-1782) and Magharetha (1703-1744), and her son, Christfried (1694-1740), were all astronomers and continued the work of their parents. After Christfried’s death, Christine even came on the payroll of the academy (a novum at that time) with a considerable salary. 

In more contemporary times, we have a slew of relatives who work or worked together in the same field or parents who (intentionally or not) influenced their children to pursue careers in science:

Mother/daughter or son
  • Paris Pişmiş (1911-1999) and daughter Elsa Recillas are both astronomers. Her son, Sevín Recillas Pishmish, became a mathematician. Recillas married astronomer Carlos Cruz-González, and their daughter Irene Cruz-González also became an astronomer.
  • Carol J.A. Rieke (1908-1999) and son George Rieke.
  • mother Vera Rubin (1928-2016) and daughter Judy Young (1952-2014) were both astronomers. Son Karl Rubin (1956- ) is a mathematician.   
  • mother Yolanda Gómez (1962-2012) and son Vicente Rodriguez-Gomez are both astronomers.
  • Ulyana Safronova is a physicist who does work in laboratory astrophysics; she has at least two daughters also doing physics: Alla and Marianna
  • Silvia Torres Peimbert served as President of the International Astronomical Union. Her husband, Manuel Peimbert, and son Antonio Peimbert, are both astronomers.

L to R: Pişmiş (Credit: BAAS), Recillas Pishmish (Credit: CONAHCYT), Cruz-González (Credit: UNAM)

Father/daughter or son
  • Georg Christoph Eimmart was an avid amateur astronomer (1638-1705), and his daughter Maria Calara Eimmart (1676–1707) produced some of the most striking astronomical art since the invention of the telescope
  • Norman Pogson (1821-1891) discovered several minor planets and made observations on comets and daughter Isis Pogson (1852-1945), who was one of the first women to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society
  • Vernon Barger (Physics) and Amy Barger (astronomy)
  • Jeff Hester and Janice Hester 
  • Jerry Ostriker and Eve Ostriker
  • Dan Gesari and Suvi Gezari
  • Ralph Wijers and daughter Nastasha Wijers 
  • Sean Matt and Cayenne Matt

Else Starkenburg (Credit: University of Gronigen) and Tjitske Starkenburg (Credit: Northwestern)

Other relationships
  • Jan Smit, a geologist/paleontologist who studies the impact that killed the dinosaurs, and Wildrik Botjes (1810-1874), from an earlier generation in the family, who invented the planetarium
  • E.E. Bernard (1857-1923) and his niece Mary Ross Calvert (1884– 1974)
  • daughter Hamsa Padmanabhan, mother Vasanthi Padmanabhan, and father Thanu Padmanabhan are/were astrophysicists
  • the Allers, with three generations of astronomers, including grandfather Lawrence H. Aller and granddaughter Monique Aller
  • The Carters (father, daughter, grandson), three generations who worked in the fields of geodesy and astronomy.
  • Elizabeth Lada and Charles Lada 

We thank the following for their contributions: Randall Smith, Maria Calara Eimmart, Tod Lauer, Renske Smit, Keren Sharon, Matthias Steinmetz, and Benjamin Lefebvre. If any corrections need to be made, please let us know.

[Ed. note: Completely serendipitously, Nature published an article titled "A family affair: how scientist parents’ career paths can influence children’s choices".]